· Review the steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) as presented in the Resources.
· Reflect on your own healthcare organization and consider any steps your healthcare organization goes through when purchasing and implementing a new health information technology system.
· Consider what a nurse might contribute to decisions made at each stage of the SDLC when planning for new health information technology.
Post a description of what you believe to be the consequences of a healthcare organization not involving nurses in each stage of the SDLC when purchasing and implementing a new health information technology system. Provide specific examples of potential issues at each stage of the SDLC and explain how the inclusion of nurses may help address these issues. Then, explain whether you had any input in the selection and planning of new health information technology systems in your nursing practice or healthcare organization and explain potential impacts of being included or not in the decision-making process. Be specific and provide examples.
Apa format 3 references
Here are some resources:
then respond to two peers in apa format and 2 references each
The systems development life cycle (SDLC) is how an organization implements efficient and effective information systems that fit within their plan (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2021). Steps of the cycle: Finding the problems, how to address the problem or need, develop a plan, implementing the plan, evaluating the plan, and lastly, plan maintenance (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2021). There are many methods that can be used to approach the SDLC within an organization. The key to well managed plan is having a good team, a member of the healthcare team that should be included is the nurse.
Nurses can offer feedback in each step of the SDLC cycle. The first step is finding the problem. Sometimes, nurses are the first ones to find the problem within a system since they use it often and provide close patient care. They bring attention to problems in the system technology teams were not aware of. The next step is to find a solution. Nurses are critical thinkers, part of the nurse’s process is to assess, diagnose and address of problem. Nurses can offer solutions that can improve patient care. The third step is the implementation of the plan. When a new system is developed, nurses are often the first ones to be aware of changes and problems that arise. Sometimes, there can be push-back when a change is made by staff. We adapt quickly and can help ease transitions. The fourth step is evaluating the plan. Technology teams can ask nurses for feedback. We can tell them what improved or what did not go well because it is likely there maybe problems that arise. The last step is to maintain the plan. This means making constant changes to ensure the plan is always adjusting needs need to be name. The technology team can work closely with the nurses and check in often with them to see if the plan needs adjusted to better meets the organization goals.
Reflecting on past system changes, I do not recall being included in all steps. Often, nurses will notify our managers that there is a problem. They will then notify the IT department. After that step, we are not included. They do not ask for our feedback. There are many benefits in including nurses in all steps of a new system or design developments. Including nurses can increase collaboration and improve the organization as a whole (Risling & Risling, 2020). Nurses adapt quickly to changes and open to practice that can lead to better patient outcomes. Ungvarsky (2022) suggests that users that are most impacted by a new design are often surveyed. Nurses can help the technology specialists identify better ways to meet the organizations goals and expectations.
Evidence-based medicine and clinical decision-making are the focus of the National Institute of Health (NIH). The steps of the SDLC and the responsibilities of each level are described in detail in NICE’s published recommendations. When implementing a new health information technology system, nurses are not involved at all stages of the SDLC (Learning, 2018). Among the possible outcomes are the following:
Nurses may not get appropriate training on the new system during implementation. This might result in mistakes and a drop in output. While nurses may not participate in evaluations, this may lead to a lack of information regarding the system’s efficacy and development opportunities (McGonigle and Mastrian, 2018).
The role of nurses in the healthcare team cannot be overstated. As a result, they keep the health care system running smoothly by providing high-quality service to patients. New technologies that enhance patient outcomes may also be implemented by nurses, who have an essential role but in fact are clueless.
Nurses provide quality patient care because of their ability to develop effective relationships through listening skills; promote health; administer medications, perform procedures, monitor vital signs; maintain confidentiality; communicate effectively on the patient’s behalf (Learning, 2018).
Patients and nurses may benefit from aspects that nurses aren’t aware of throughout the selection process. Thus, an unsuitable system may be selected for use by both nurses and patients. It’s possible that nurses will not be included in the design phase of the new system, they may not get appropriate training on utilizing the new system during the implementation phase. Errors and lower productivity might result. Finally, at this stage, nurses may be excluded from participating in the review process, there may be an absence of feedback on the system’s efficacy and areas of development. Therefore, care will be disrupted (Ehrler et al., 2019).
In my opinion, nurses should have a more significant say in selecting a new health informatics system since they stand to gain from such an investment. Nurses will be able to put aside their concerns about being assessed if they are given a chance to analyze all submitted applications for consideration and choose from them. That way, doctors could concentrate on providing holistic treatment to their patients rather than worrying about whether or not they would get credited for utilizing any tools (Ehrler et al., 2019).