Tool 2.1 PICO Concepts for Developing a Purpose Statement

Tool 2.1 PICO Concepts for Developing a Purpose Statement

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INSTRUCTIONS: Use this worksheet to explore concepts of interest for your EBP work. Organize using the PICO elements. Begin by identifying a goal or outcome first. Identify potential interventions last; interventions may evolve after reading the evidence. Use all PICO elements to write a purpose statement in one to two sentences. Use PICO elements to identify potential keywords related to the purpose statement.
Patient Population

 

 

Clinical Problem or Condition

 

 

Pilot Area

 

 

Interventions

 

 

Comparison

 

 

Anticipated Outcomes

 

EBP Purpose Statement
 

 

 

 

Keywords or Concepts for Identifying and Organizing Literature

 

Tool 2.2 PICO Elements for a Purpose Statement and Evidence Search

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INSTRUCTIONS: Use this worksheet to develop a purpose statement or question. Describe each PICO element addressing the topic of interest. Identify the outcome before considering interventions; interventions may evolve after reading the evidence. Write a purpose statement and determine the kind of question. Use Table 2.1 to identify study designs most likely to answer this question. List related concepts, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and keywords or concepts for organizing evidence.
 

Step 1: Define elements or clinical question using PICO:

P = Patients or population to target:
Problem or condition to address:
Pilot area (e.g., unit/clinic):
I = Intervention (assessment or treatment):
C = Comparison:
O = Outcomes:
T = Time frame (optional):
Step 2: Purpose statement:

 

 

Step 3: Determine what your question is about (circle one):
 

Therapy

 

 

Diagnosis

 

 

Etiology

 

 

Prognosis

 

 

Meaning

 

Step 4: Identify study types that best address your question (circle one or more):
Experimental studies Observational studies Qualitative studies
Systematic review or meta-analysis

 

Case reports

 

Other

 

Step 5: List the main terms and synonyms for your purpose statement. Typical number of concepts per question is two to three.
Concept 1: Concept 2: Concept 3:
 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 6: List inclusion and exclusion criteria:

 

 

Step 7: Keywords or concepts for organizing

Literature