BIO 2003 Principles Of Genetics

Question:

Introduction and relevance

Explain why the subject matter you are proposing is relevant for the degree programme that you are pursuing.

It is a topic that is relevant and interesting.

Are there any current/relevant issues?

Do you feel the topic is worth exploring?

Is there anything you are interested in?

Key Research

What do you know about the subject?

What are the major studies that have been done?

What has been done in this area?

This will show that you’re up-to-date on the latest information in the area.

This can be

Research in closely related areas to your topic may be included if your own research is lacking.

If possible, include research in closely related areas to your topic.

There is lots of research on the subject, so you need to be very selective about what you discuss.

The work you review should be evaluated, not just listed.

Justification for Proposal

Based on the key research in part 3, what aspect of knowledge/research do your feelings be?

Are there unanswered questions?

Are there gaps in knowledge that you are unable to address?

Are you a researcher?

Do you see situations in which the existing knowledge could possibly be improved or changed?

Do more research in your chosen field.

The Goals

How specific are your goals after you’ve identified a gap in knowledge (see part (4)).

Please

Take a look at the following bullet points.

Your Proposed Action Plan

How can you reach the aims listed in paragraph (5)?

The methods that you will use.

What

How will you collect information?

How will your investigation be conducted?

Your work will be literature-based only

Are you a writer?

What laboratory experiments are you willing to do?

Are you willing to conduct field/survey work?

Ethical Issues

Do you see any ethical issues that could arise from your research proposal.

If not, tell us why not.

If so, tell us why.

Are they real?

Answer:

Empirical studies show that autism does not necessarily have a mental or gene disability. Instead, it may simply be a biomedical condition which can be managed and treated.

Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder that can begin in childhood and could lead to a lifetime disability if not addressed early (Anderson 2012).

Individuals with autism have difficulty communicating and interfacing with others through social networks.

Because their social reactions and reception to the outside world are always different, they have difficulty relating to others in daily life.

American Psychiatric Association (2013). According to recent studies in India and the US, autism rates are increasing.

In the past, one in three hundred people had autism. But, the ratio has drastically decreased so that today, one in sixty is autistic.

There is enough evidence to suggest that autism cases are on the rise and research should be undertaken to identify a long-lasting solution.

Research shows that camelmilk has many benefits for autistic children.

This research explores the benefits that camel milk can have on autistic kids (Dumont-Mathieu 2005).

Research objectives are to answer the following question.

Key Research

Each day is marked by a variety of events.

These include interactions between people and communication.

To ensure that activities and behaviors flow smoothly within a social setting, it is essential to have good communication and appropriate social interactions (Joppe 2000).

Autism patients have difficulties fitting in to the everyday routine of daily life because they are unable to keep up with the demands of the day.

Autism affects both individual behavior as well as interest.

They perceive and experience many aspects of life differently than the average person.

Because of these difficulties, medical researchers have been tirelessly searching for solutions to this disorder.

Kira (2014) stated that the majority of medical opinions have shown there is no cure.

However, the author claims that medical technology and the latest advances in medicine have enabled widespread research to uncover some new medical solutions.

An article that describes a research study on children with autistic behaviors in Europe (Myers, 2007,)

Children were given camel milk every day and subjected a checklist for autism assessment to assess their interactions with the environment and individual behavior.

A remarkable correlation was found between camel milk intake and autism-related characteristics.

According to the National Centre for Special Children’s 2016 Annual Report, autism is on the rise.

Comparing this figure to the previous few decades, it shows that autistic children are growing so rapidly that it might prove difficult for medical personnel to contain them (Peacock and 2009).

Although the report suggests possible solutions, which are currently awaiting review and implementation, it does not exclude any potential ones.

Recent research on children with autism has revealed that camelmilk contains many antibiotic components, which play a critical role in improving immunity.

A study that was specifically conducted on children with autism found that children who were fed camel milk consistently over a period of time showed remarkable improvements in their immune system and significant adjustments in their communication skills and social interactions with others (Persico 2013, 2013).

The medicinal properties of camel milk are also highlighted by a review of the literature that includes research on the subject.

Despite the incompetence of this research, it is not clear that any particular medical condition can be treated with camel milk.

Volkmar (2009) says that autism should not treated as an outside condition, but as a medical issue that can be managed and contained while lasting remedies are being developed.

There are many studies that have been done on the topic and they show hope for a cure.

Studies also show that camel milk is capable of managing autism or preventing it from developing.

Justification for the Study

Based on the research, it is clear that we still need to use more sophisticated methods to find a solution.

Although there are many health benefits to camel milk, scientific evidence does not support this conclusion.

It would be beneficial to perform a series of medical and analytical tests on camel milk in order to identify the potential benefits for autistic people (Persico (2006)).

These components can then become part of other established medicines and drugs.

Research also revealed that previous studies were performed while children received medical care.

Therefore, it is not possible to directly attribute the improvement in conditions to the intake and consumption of camel milk.

According to Wong (2004), research must be conducted so that subjects are not enrolled to any other medication during the time of the study.

Therefore, it is possible to establish a clear link between camel milk intake and the effects on autism.

Previous research on this subject only focused on specific areas, particularly those that had adequate camel milk supply.

These areas, which have low supplies of the commodity, are not likely to reap the benefits of the findings. This is especially true for areas that have poor infrastructure and low development.

It is important to improve the research procedure so that the findings do not benefit just a specific community, but the entire world.

It is possible to deduce the components of medicinal value from camel milk, and then to produce drugs that can be distributed easily to the rest the world (Waltz 2013).

The Goals

To establish the relationship between camelmilk and autism

To use autistic kids as subjects to study behavior changes after daily intake of camelmilk.

To identify the medicinal components of camel milk.

Research Plan

This study will use both quantitative and qualitative methods.

The study will include a thorough review of all relevant literature about autism and the health-benefits of camel milk.

Due to their breadth of coverage, a total of around 20 sources will be examined from which diverse concepts shall be drawn.

The concepts are to be analyzed in order to determine validity, consistency, and relevance of data (Schmitz (2008)).

However, the research process must also include the use of surveys and medical examinations to collect data in relation to the research question.

The sample size for the process will be 50 children with severe autistic disorder.

The subjects’ ages and genders will be used to divide the sample.

This would allow researchers to identify any gender-related effects on research results.

The 50 children will receive approximately 500ml daily of camel milk.

During this time, a concurrent evaluation will be performed.

The autism evaluation checklist contains approximately 80 items that test communication, social, and behavioral skills.

The evaluation shall take place against 100 marks (Stefanatos (2008)).

Over five months, any improvement in skills shall be noted.

To obtain a trend chart, the variables will be number of days versus percentage improvement in tested skills.

To support these data, parents will be asked questions and conducted oral interviews.

The parents’ responses to the questionnaires and oral interviews will be used to determine the changes in behavior of the children over the study period.

Analyzing the data from both cases will allow us to identify the relationship between autistic behavior changes and camel milk intake.

Ethical Issues

Research is not expected to raise any ethical issues.

In order to preserve the privacy and confidentiality, questionnaires must not contain the names or addresses of subjects.

Additionally, the questionnaires will not be distributed to third parties and shall only be used for research purposes.

The alarming rise in autism cases around the globe is only a wakeup call for medical professionals.

It is urgent that we find a permanent solution to this problem.

Camel milk may have some positive effects that could be used to help with autism. However, more research is needed to determine if there are any other possible solutions.

Anderson C. (2012). “Occurrences and families impact of elopement among children with autism spectrum disorder”

American Psychiatric Association.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed.

Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association.

T. Dumont Mathieu (2005). ‘Screening autism in young kids: The ModifiedChecklist for Autism in Toddlers(M-CHAT), as well as other measures’.

Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews (11(3): 253-262.

Joppe M. (2000) Research process.

London: Sage publications.

Peacock G. (2009). Autism Spectrum Disorders: Prevalence and Vaccinations.

Pediatric Annals, 38(1). pp.

(2006). “Searching out ways out of the autism maze. Genetic, epigenetic, environmental clues.”

“The neuropathology in autism: where are we?”

Neuropathology 34 (1). pp.

Kira C (2014) Autism spectrum disorder: A complete guide for understanding autism.

Volkmar F. (2009). ‘Autism and Autism spectrum Disorders: Diagnostic Issues for the Next Decade’ Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 50. pp.

Autism: A Social History and Medical History.

New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wong V. (2004). “A modified screening tool to screen for autism [Checklist for Autism In Toddlers]) for Chinese kids.”

Zachor D. (2006) Autism: Current Pediatric Therapy.

Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.