Good Distribution Practices In Medical


Discuss good distribution practices in the medical and business sectors.



Good distribution practices are vital in both the business and medical sectors. This is especially true for medicinal products and active substances.

This ensures that these products remain in good condition. They are easy to affect by lack of control measures.

Importers, manufacturers, distributors, and users of medicinal product share common roles that are designed to ensure the products remain in the best condition possible (Gandhi, et al. 2018, 2018).

Good distribution practices will ensure that necessary controls are in place for both distribution and storage.

Some control measures might not apply to every company or environment.

It is vital to ensure that a company follows good distribution practices to meet both its own needs and those of customers.

To ensure quality, it is important to have good distribution practices.

Certain commodities need to be stored and distributed at certain temperatures. Some commodities may require cold chains or freezing.

This essay focuses on the importance of good distribution practices for pharmaceutical businesses and industries.

Good Distribution Practices


It is essential that the key staff responsible for warehouse activities are competent and have the necessary knowledge and expertise (Billett et. al., 2015).

This means that these employees should be provided with training in order to ensure safe distribution and proper operation.

Special categories of products require special training in handling and storage (Nafukho, et al. 2017, 2017).

These include products that are fragile, toxic, infected, or at special risk.


It is important that storage facilities used for distribution are designed to withstand the recommended conditions of storage (Shah, et al. 2016).

Security is of paramount importance. This means that unauthorized persons cannot gain access to the premises.

The dispatch and reception locations must be clearly distinguished to avoid any confusion or inconveniences.

This ensures that goods are protected from adverse weather conditions and other hazards.

The storage bay should have enough space to allow for separated and ordered placement.

You should also be able to separate the goods according to different categories like the returned, quarantined, and recalled.

The goods that are rejected and quarantined need to have restricted access in order to avoid possible mixing with other products.

Bar coding is a method of segregation that uses computerized systems. They must be able to guarantee accessibility and segregation (He and al., 2018).

Additionally, storage areas should be free from dust and must be dry and clean.

The warehouse management should be able to set up a written schedule for cleaning frequency and the methods to use.

Frequent cleaning helps to ensure that the products are safe from contamination throughout the supply chain and distribution.

McCain (2012) recommends that sensitive products like infectious ones be cleaned using the proper methods.

Proper lighting in storage areas should be provided for mobility and reduce the possibility of injuries or falls. Good ventilation will ensure that the air is supplied.

To ensure product integrity, it is important to observe these requirements for goods that must be stored in the dark.

After goods have been delivered, they should be checked for any damage or seal tampering.

Labels should be included on packaging materials that include product description, quantity weight, and type.

These data should be checked against the incoming products using physical and computerized systems.

For further analysis, any delivery found to be in doubt or not meeting the required standards of warehousing must be quarantined.

When goods are delivered, they should be kept in the appropriate storage conditions.

It is a good idea to conduct periodic storage reconciliations to check the warehouse for any discrepancies between the products and the records.

If there are any discrepancies observed, it is important to conduct thorough investigations to determine the cause.

To ensure customer satisfaction, all products with an expiry date past should be discarded.

To ensure proper delivery, the designated or authorized person or wholesaler to whom the goods are to be delivered must have the necessary distribution documents.

Distributors must ensure that the goods’ identity is maintained, that there are no contaminations, and that theft and damage prevention measures are taken.


In order to ensure safe distribution practices, documentation systems should be complete. This will ensure that all product specifications have been recorded (Brown, Gilbert, 2014).

The documents must also include instructions for handling the goods to maintain their integrity throughout the supply chains.

These documents can be prepared in either electronic or paper format and should be available for audit by relevant authorities upon request.

Also, it is important to explain any practices that could adversely impact the quality of products distributed (Giralt, et al. 2017).

These are the precautionary actions that staff should be aware of at all costs.

Client orders, recalls and storage conditions are the most commonly used documents during distribution (Cemus, Cerny and Cerny 2017, 2017).

It is a good idea to keep a record of every action at the warehouse that is being done during goods distribution.

Additionally, any alteration made at the warehouse should be recorded and signed with a date.

Return process for product

If goods are being returned to distributors, it is necessary to provide a written description of the goods as well as reasons for returning them.

So that they are not redistributed, the goods returned should be stored separately from any sealable stock (La Scalia et. al. 2014).

To be considered saleable stock, the returned goods must be in good condition. They should not have been opened, be in their original packaging, have an acceptable shelf-life, and be properly stored and transported to the distributors.

After an extensive investigation, the returned goods must be released to the salesable stock.

Fake goods could be encountered during distribution processes (Khan et. al. 2011, 2011).

Good distribution practices dictate that counterfeit goods must be stopped from being distributed.

First, counterfeit goods must be kept separate from other goods to prevent them from being mixed during transport.

Additionally, such goods should be marked with relevant documentations and placed on a separate shelf to prevent their sale.

Once counterfeit goods have been identified and confirmed, they should be removed from market. Distributors must also take appropriate measures to ensure that they don’t re-enter the market again (Buckley, Gostin 2013).

One other excellent distribution practice is self-inspection.

This allows them determine if they adhere to the best distribution practices.

Corrective and preventive actions should be taken if there are future issues or challenges in distribution.

Qualified personnel must conduct the self-inspection by product distribution companies.

Self-inspection must be conducted according to a standard written procedure.

The documentations should also include information about the personnel who performed the inspections.

Distribution involves the movement of goods from suppliers to consumers. Therefore, there are many intermediates involved in distribution.

Distribution practices should aim to make sure that products reach the right people, at the right time, and in good condition.


Good distribution practices are an important pillar in product distribution on the market.

The variety and composition of products, including medical supplies, means that distributors must ensure that the products are safe until they reach the customers.

Distributors must ensure the integrity and quality of products while they are being distributed. This is to protect efficiency, effectiveness, profits, and product quality.

The facilities must be up to standard. However, it is important that the employees are trained properly in order to observe these rules.

It is important that documentation be used to ensure compliance with the legal frameworks.

Documentation is an important part of good distribution practices. It can be used for any action that involves product distribution.

It is important to conduct self-inspection in order to make sure that distributors are following these safe practices.

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