HPRO6715 Foundations Of Health Promotion

Question:

Description of health promotion initiatives

Supports the argument/problem with evidence (e.g AIHW data).

It outlines clearly stated objectives and realistic goals.

The program’s conceptual framework is based on sound reasoning.

Extensive description of the key strategies used in the program

It includes a realistic implementation plan, which includes development stages, activities and budget.

The monitoring and evaluation process required to assess the impact of a process and its outcomes is explained.

Answer:

Introduction

As a result, hypertension (or high blood pressure) has become one of the most prevalent diseases in Australia.

This can lead to other chronic diseases like heart attack, heart attacks, and hypertension.

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), reported that hypertension affected 4.1 million people in the 2014-15 year, or 23 million adults (Nichols and co.2014).

The following report examines the Australian health promotion program for managing and preventing hypertension.

It also shows the key strategies and implementation plan, as well as monitoring and evaluation, that are required to evaluate the process and determine its impact.

AIHW estimates that 24% of males and 22% respectively were affected by hypertension.

As we age, the percentage of people with high blood pressure increases. For example, for those between the ages of 18 and 24, it rose from 6% to 47% in those who have reached 75 years of age or more.

1.5 million people had medication to manage their disease in the years 2011-12.

People with low socioeconomic status and are more likely to have hypertension than those who live far away.

According to Gabb et. al., 36% of Aboriginal and Torres Islander populations had high blood pressure in 2011-2012.

Lack of balance in diet, obesity and excess weight, as well as a lack physical activity, are the main causes of high blood pressure.

Lifestyle changes and medications can help to manage hypertension.

A health promotion program will be necessary to help individuals become more self-confident and manage disease.

Aims and Objectives

The program’s goal is to promote healthy behavior in the Australian community by implementing a health promotion program.

Hypertension is a serious chronic condition that is affecting many Australians.

Because of their poor socioeconomic status, and their poor lifestyles, the Indigenous population has a high rate of high blood pressure.

A rise in heart disease such as heart attack and heart stroke among Indigenous people is due to their obesity, overweight, lack of exercise and sedentary lifestyle.

Whiteside et.al. 1998: The Family Well-being Empowerment & Leadership Program (FWB) was launched in South Australia to promote health and wellbeing among Aboriginals.

Because of the feeling of powerlessness that existed at an individual level, this program was abandoned.

The Aboriginal Australians need empowerment. It is where individuals, families, communities, and organizations work together to make changes happen and provide growth opportunities for Indigenous health (Ibiebele et. al.

This program aims to promote health through education and behavior that empowers people with knowledge about the disease.

Changes in behavior are also important in order to determine the effectiveness of the hypertension prevention program.

It is crucial to educate people about hypertension and the other health issues associated with it.

These objectives are self-efficacy as well as self-directed learning towards disease prevention. This can be done through planning model, health communication, and health literacy.

The Program’s Conceptual Framework

Different health promotion models can be used to plan and explain health behaviors.

It’s also used to identify strategies that can be used in order to promote good health and prevent future disease.

Transtheoretical modeling is used to assess the willingness of a person to change their behavior. It also provides strategies and methods for changing the process.

Transtheoretical Model, (TTM) describes behavior change as a deliberate process. It involves progression through six phases of progress (Prochaska/Norcross 2013).

TTM coordinates standards of progress and procedures from the most prominent theories.

Five stages of behavior change are included in the Transtheoretical Model.

They are:

Precontemplation (Not Ready).

Consideration (Getting Ready)

Preparation

Act Now

Maintenance

The Precontemplation phase is the first stage. People are not anticipating to move in a reasonable time frame. This is generally estimated as the next 6 months.

People can find themselves in this stage due to a lack of knowledge about hypertension.

People can also be disillusioned about their abilities to change their hypertension beliefs, as many have tried to lose weight by changing their lifestyles.

This stage is often mistakenly thought to mean that the person would rather not change.

Contemplation is when the individual is open to changing their behavior in the coming months.

They are aware both the advantages and disadvantages of this behavior change.

Next, preparation is made so that people are able to willingly take action to lower hypertension.

To make the necessary changes, individuals should consult with their doctor (Hawkes et. al. 2014).

These people should be considered to receive programs that are action-oriented. Next, the person will take action to change his behavior.

People can find themselves in this stage if they aren’t familiar with hypertension.

This will enable him to reduce hypertension and the effects it has on his family.

This stage requires people to make changes in their lives to reduce hypertension.

Self management education has been introduced. It is designed to diagnose the patient and provide therapies and medications that will improve the quality life and ensure that the person’s behavior is well-controlled.

Next, the strategy is used to determine the health and activity of the community.

The assessment takes place simultaneously with the program’s arranging.

Six stages are required for this process.

The first step is to identify the partners and make them supporters. Next, draw in the basic leadership necessary to meet the set up goals and destinations.

This overcomes the obstacle that was previously seen in projects that suffered from lack of funding and time.

The diabetes administration has made significant strides since the creation of awareness among the targeted population through the by-reactions and qualification of plan members.

Health Promotion: Key Strategies

Many programs are designed to improve health and decrease the burden of diseases in the Australian community.

Because people resist change, chronic diseases such as hypertension make doctors frustrated.

It is a quick shift in responsibility from the doctor towards patients to change their attitude and consider the appropriate budget and time frame for health promotion programs.

The resistance to social and behavioral change is one failure of the health promotion programs. Another is the limited range of techniques, funding, and shorter timeframe.

This would be guided by the World Health Organization and Ottawa Charter which are whole system approaches (Thorlindsson, 2011).

It is based in community participation, equity and community empowerment, which is crucial for the success or the programs to be successful.

It has replaced the individualistic approach with a multidisciplinary approach for the proper management of and prevention in health promotion programs.

Strategies will be developed to target three areas, including early diagnosis, prevention, management, and management, of hypertension. This helps prevent complications such as the development of heart diseases.

For a health promotion program to be successful, it is essential that people are empowered and communicate with their health.

Empowerment is a way for people to realize that they can take control of their own lives.

You can achieve empowerment in five steps.

First, they will receive health literacy information regarding hypertension and lifestyle changes.

This will enable people to understand their values, beliefs and thoughts regarding the disease.

Based on the identified barriers, short-term goals will also be developed. This will allow people to be more open to change.

To reach health literacy, effective communication must be used to inform and influence people in order to encourage them to improve their own health (Rimer und Kreuter 2006).

Communication channels include television, radio and pamphlets.

Health promotion programs will target early detection.

This can be achieved by regular blood pressure monitoring.

Individuals with hypertension will also benefit from self management.

People with hypertension need to have self-efficacy and be able to learn on their own.

For positive health, self-efficacy and behavior change are important.

Bandura’s self confidence is defined as one’s ability or inability to achieve or succeed in a task (Maibach and Murphy 1995).

A person can also be self-directed if they are aware of the obstacles that may arise from the behavior change they wish to make (Merriam 2001).

The newly diagnosed cases of hypertension will benefit from self-management education, compliance with medication and blood pressure control via adult services.

This would improve their quality and well-being.

The community-based exercise and healthy eating programs can be made possible by the participation of the participants, as well as the delivery of the program and follow-up (Kim et. al.

Plan for Implementation

It includes activities, partnerships, budget and the timeframe for the health promotion programme (Eldredge et.al.

Collecting and tracking data: Data would be collected and tracked. This data could include blood pressure levels for risk assessment and hypertension patients.

Staffing: Community-based health promotion calls for stakeholders who can play different roles in different industries.

It includes foundations, community service organizations and government agencies.

They are vital for the guidance and funding of the health promotion programs.

Phases of development

Doctor: Hypertension specialists or primary care physicians are specialists who have deep knowledge and experience in hypertension. They also provide medical leadership and guidance for clinical decisions.

Certified hypertension educator: They can provide education and therapeutic interventions to help you manage your hypertension.

Program Manager: He will be responsible for the staffing, locations and integration of the program. Report tracking, communication and progress are also his responsibility.

It also works closely with financial, finance and human resources to ensure that the program’s smooth operation.

The program manager would decide who the health coaches, dieticians and nurses are through staff mixing.

Training: The stakeholders involved in the health promotion program should be properly trained.

The basics of hypertension should be mastered by community leaders, nurses, doctors, and health-operating staff.

They must have the ability to fulfill their job description, competencies and requirements.

To support patient education, they will need ancillary material to assist them in their health literacy as well as their culture and language.

Integrating the health system: Lab reports and reporting to doctors, nurses, and local health systems on a regular schedule should be done through appropriate communication channels and electronic systems.

Local source identification. These are the community resources that could be useful in helping people achieve their behavioral and clinical goals.

They can access these resources through local hospitals, community health centers, and senior centers.

Establishing communication channels is essential for the resolution of operational and clinical issues, as well as discussing the progress of program. Regular meetings are recommended.

It would encourage both patients and volunteers from the community to engage in a bidirectional conversation.

Also, policy considerations must be made that will influence factors such fiscal oversight, taxation, and legislative advocacy (Gruen and al.

Activities

Activities and suggestions could help to lower blood pressure and manage hypertension to avoid the associated complications.

For the prevention and management of disease, diet and exercise promotion programs are important.

These activities can also help you to learn about the disease and provide workshops on self-management.

The guidelines include weight control, dietary changes, salt restriction, dietary fat reduction and smoking cessation, as well as relaxation therapies with antihypertensive drug therapy for hypertension.

The global recommendations include promotion of healthy and balanced diets and non-alcoholic beverages.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The health promotion program must be monitored and evaluated continuously to ensure success. It also needs to inspire and strengthen individuals and partners.

The strategy is intended to assess the health and activity of the community.

Monitoring the health promotion program in hypertension includes gathering and keeping track of information through weekly consultation between partners. Recording and preserving the information in registers is also important (Robroek Lindeboom & Burdorf 2012).

It is essential to continue following the information in order to identify the areas for improvement and future reference.

The Process-Evaluation Plan allows for the evaluation of the wellbeing enhancement program (Lichfield Kettle and Whitbread 2016, respectively).

The program’s arranging is parallel to the assessment.

This removes the obstacles that have been present in projects that suffered from lack of funding, time and resources.

Six stages are required for this process.

It is essential to begin by identifying the partners and their supporters. Then, draw in the basic leadership necessary to fulfill the set-up points and destinations.

Verbalization is necessary to ensure that the program will be successful in advancing recipients.

Thirdly, the assessment focuses on the process yields, assets, and exercises.

Fourthly, it is important to gather evidence through subjective and quantitative techniques that include involvement, sentiment and conduct.

Fifthly, by examining information, you can identify patterns, quality, holes, and deficiencies that help to compare the information and the target.

The assessment program should be able to reflect the convictions, views, and opinions of the general population.

Conclusion

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare reported that in 2014-15, 4.1million people, which is 23 million adults, were suffering from hypertension.

People with low socioeconomic advantage and are more likely to develop hypertension, which includes those from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

To empower people towards self-efficacy in managing disease and reducing related complications, a health promotion program is vital.

Strategies are classified to prevent complications of hypertension, optimal management, and early diagnosis. (Sharma 2016)

Monitoring includes data collection and follow-up via weekly meetings between stakeholders. Data is also recorded and preserved in medical records and health systems.

The Process-Evaluation Plan serves as a framework for evaluating the hypertension promotion program.

Daniels J., Farquhar C. Nathanson N. Mashalla Y. Petracca F. Desmond M. Green W. Davies L. O’Malley G.

A transtheoretical model is used to identify stages of behavior change in an intervention to develop global health leaders.

Global health promotion, 21(4) pp.24-34.

Eldredge L.K.B. Markham C.M. Ruiter R.A. Kok G. and Parcel G.S.

Planning health promotion programs using an intervention mapping approach.

John Wiley & Sons.

Anderson, R.M.

Self-management and empowerment of diabetes.

Guidelines for adult hypertension management and diagnosis–2016.

Med J Aust 205(2), pages 85-89.

Lavis, J.N. (2008)

Sustainability science: A holistic approach to planning health-programmes.

The Lancet 372(9649), Pages 1579-1589.

Ibiebele I. Coory M. Boyle F.M. Humphrey M. Humphrey M. Vlack S. Flenady V. (2015)

The gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous stillbirths in Queensland, Australia.

BJOG. An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 122(11), pp.1476-1483.

Shea, J.A. 2004.

Patients with diabetes are more likely to have self-management skills if they have health literacy.

Diabetes care, 27, 12, pp. 2980-2982.

Lichfield N., Kettle P., and Whitbread M., 2016.

Evaluation in Planning Process: The Urban and Regional Planning Series, Vol.

Maibach E. and Murphy D.A., 1995.

Self-efficacy and health promotion research and practice: Conceptualizations and measurements.

Health education research. 10(1). pp.37-50.

Andragogy, self-directed learning: Pillars for adult learning theory.

2001 (89), pages 3-14.

Nichols M. Peterson K. Peterson L. Alston L. and Allender S.

Australian statistics on heart disease.

Melbourne: National Heart Foundation of Australia.

Prochaska J.O., Norcross J.C. and DiClemente C.C.

Application of the stages for change.

Psychotherapy in Australia 19(2), p.10.

Glanz K., 2005.

Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion Practice

Rimer, B.K.

Advancement of tailored health communication: A persuasion perspective and message effects perspective.

Journal of Communication, 56(s1).

Burdorf, A.

An internet-delivered, long-term program that promotes healthy eating habits and physical activity is available for both initial and ongoing participation.

Journal of medical Internet-research, 14(2) p.e43.

Round, R. Marshall and Horton, K. 2005.

Planning for an effective health promotion assessment.

Theoretical foundations in health education and health promotion.

Add the social context to your approach to prevention and promotion of health.

Scandinavian journal on public health, 39(6)_suppl.