NUR1100 Introduction To Nursing Praxis


Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring offers nurses a foundation for human dignity and humanity.

Through the use of Watson’s 10 caritas, care and caring moments can be brought to life.

Part A

Create an annotated bibliography of 5 peer-reviewed journal articles summarizing Watson’s Theory of Human Caring.

Part B

Select two caritas processes from the annotated bibliography that are in line with your personal values and as a starting nurse.

Discuss the details of thecaritas process you’ve chosen.

Two standards of practice that you have chosen from the 2016 registered nurse standards for practice (RNSOP) should reflect the caritasprocesses. Discuss how a registered nursing professional may integrate both the standards and caritas processes into the delivery of care.


Part A

This article describes the application and results of Jean Watson’s Human Caring theory for a woman who couldn’t have children due to infertility.

This article will show you how Watson’s caritas can be applied in order to provide supportive nursing care.

This article illustrates how a nurse can continue patient interaction in order reach the ultimate goal, which is patient healing and wellness.

This article also demonstrates the importance of Human Caring, and how nurses can use it to maintain and promote wellness even in stressful situations.

This article’s major problem is that it does not cover the background and details of Watson’s theory, but only the applications.

This will serve as a foundation for my research, since the theory has a very important application in practice.

This article tells the story of a patient who was diagnosed with a serious health condition and how the Watsons theory for caring and the ten Caritas processes helped her transform her life.

Her story provides hope for other patients suffering from chronic illnesses.

The main problem with this article is how Watson’s theory can be applied to nurses but not patients.

While this article is not intended to be used as a foundation for my research, it will help me identify the major caritas applications.

Lachman shows how Watson’s care theory can be applied to ethics, laws, or policies in nursing in this article.

The article gives a comprehensive overview of Watson theory, its history, and its application to ethical nursing.

Some components include Watson’s definition of caring, basic guidelines of caring, and the caritas procedure.

Additionally, the article covered the theory of ethics and how nurses can put professional care into practice.

This review has a major flaw. It focuses solely on Watson theory in ethical nursing.

While this article will not serve as a foundation for my study, it will assist in understanding the theory of caritas and the caritas processes.

The article discusses the fundamental concepts of caring science.

The article presents a comprehensive review of the core principles that Watson outlined in 2008.

The core principle comprises the practice of loving and kindling while offering equity services to all patients. This allows for deep belief among colleagues and patients. Also, it encourages one to cultivate a spiritual practice and provides a healing atmosphere.

Wagner also provides information about the ten Watsons curative variables, including their meanings and application.

The author also explains how to use 10 Watson’s Caritas Processes in nursing practice.

The article also discusses the relationships and application of ten curative factor with their Caritas processes.

It doesn’t give examples and explains the caritas in detail.

This article is the most important, as it covers all aspects of Watson’s theory.

This article is about human caring and peace, in relation to integrative nurse principles that are included in a nursing frame.

This article provides a framework that shows what caring science is and the ten caritas methods.

Watson demonstrates how the practice of human care is an emerging issue in nursing that creates a new connection between energy sequences and global caring practices to bring about peace around the globe.

Watson suggests that the connection between caring and peace could lead to a truly universal pattern for unity.

The main problem with this article is its focus on Watson theory application and caritas process outside hospital settings.

While this article will not be the basis of a research project, it will provide insight into the theory and practice of caring and caritas in health promotion.

Part B


Caring can be demonstrated in nursing models and practiced by nurses and other healthcare professionals.

Studies show that caring for patients can promote growth and healing (Goldin, Kautz, 2012).

Caring for another person means providing a supportive environment that accepts the patient as she/he is and encourages them to see their potential ( Moffa (2015).

Watson’s theory about human care states that the main concerns of nursing are to promote health, prevent diseases, treat sick patients, and restore normal health.

Watson stated that caring is more effective than simply providing medical treatment to improve health.

This study will show how nurses have used different standards of nursing practice and caritas processes in care.

This study will also show how Watson caritas process and corresponding standards are aligned and how nurses may incorporate them for improved patient care.

Jean Watson’s theory on human care is made up of ten processes.

This caritas’ core value is that it fosters good human care relationships through therapeutic communication. (Moffa (2015)

Caritas allow you to enter into the experience and explore the possibilities of your relationship with another person by offering unconditional love.

This helps nurses to provide sacred space and healing for patients during their time of need. It also helps them to practice how not-to-judgment attitudes.

The ability to respond to others with congruence, honesty, and engages in a relationship that has similar goals is another benefit (Wagner (2014)

If there is not mutual understanding between nurse and patient, this caritas recommends that clarifications be used to promote clear and constructive communication and a high level respect from both sides (Wagner (2014)).

A second caritas practice that has been praised for having high personal values in nursing is helping patients with their basic human requirements. This includes their spiritual, physical and emotional needs.

Watson identifies two categories of human need: the lower-order needs and the higher-order needs. (Moffa 2015).

Lower order needs include fluid and physical food, as well as elimination and ventilation.

The lower order needs of sexuality, activity and elimination fall within the category of psychological needs. (Goldin and Kautz, 2012).

The higher-order needs include those for affiliation, self-actualization, and achievements.

The basic human need provide the foundation for all of life’s essential needs.

The absence of any one of the basic human needs can lead to mental, physical, and spiritual problems (Goldin, Kautz, 2012).

There are many practices that show the core values of nurses.

One is the ability to engage in a professional and therapeutic relationship.

Every registered nurse is required to show that he or she can engage in a professional and therapeutic relationship with patients.

This includes developing a strong relationship with patients through trust, honesty, respect, and communication.

A registered nurse must make sure that the relationship between patients and nurses is established, sustained, and completed.

This practice of standards helps one communicate well with honesty and dignity while respecting the patient’s culture, rights, beliefs, and values.

The ability to have therapeutic relationships with patients allows one to understand that although they may have illnesses, they are the experts on their experiences. Registered nurse standards for practice, 2016.

Another standard practice is to provide safe, high-quality nursing practice.

All nurses are required to practice quality and goal-directed care.

All services provided must comply with nursing ethics. They should also have the higher purpose of helping patients. Registered nurse standards of practice, 2016.

These practices are based in systemic assessment and use of the best evidence so that the planned and expected outcomes can be archived for the purpose of restoring patients’ need into normal (Registered nurses standards for practice 2016, 2016).

The practice of standard stipulates that nurses must practice within their boundaries to be able to deliver the highest quality nursing care.

To ensure the best possible services, nurses must advocate for patients (Registered nurse standard for practice, 2016).

All of these things will allow nurses practice in compliance with regulations, policies, standards, and other requirements to ensure patients’ needs are met.

The Alignment Of The Caritas Processes & Standards Of Practice

In order to develop and sustain a caring and trusted relationship, it is important to engage in therapeutic and professional relationship practice. This includes developing healthy nurse-patient relationships that promote open and fluent communication and facilitate comprehensive assessment and management of patients’ issues (Goldin and Kautz 2012).

Watson states that communication is comprised of cognitive, behavioral, as well as affective responses.

Watson also offered three levels of communication, namely, language, action and somatic.

Watson theory is applied to the development of therapeutic communication and relationships by nurses in order to capture all patients’ needs and promote patient literacy (Goldin & Kautz 2012).

This applies to patients with chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes, and other psychiatric conditions like depression.

The best therapeutic relationship between patient and nurse promotes trust and honesty, so patients are more open to sharing all information (Goldin and Kautz 2012).

Caritas refers to helping patients with their basic physical, emotional and spiritual needs. Safe and competent nursing practice is designed to achieve the best outcomes for the patient.

The state of health refers to a person’s physical, psychological, and emotional well-being (Durgun, Ukumus 2015).

Watson caritas means that nurses need to be able to provide quality care and meet the individual needs of their patients (Wagner (2014)).

The person’s wellbeing is defined by their ability to meet all their basic needs.

A person’s basic needs can be satisfied by a variety of factors. This is essential for quality nursing care.

Delivery of Care

Nursing practice includes the identification and planning of patient problems.

The health assessment is required in order to determine the patient’s problem (Moffa (2015)).

Wagner (2014). Nurses will follow the standard of maintaining and establishing a therapeutic and professional relationship with patients to determine the root cause of their health problems.

Nursing will be able solve the emotional, psychological, and spiritual problems of patients by building a therapeutic relationship.

Good nurse-patient relationships allow for better communication which allows them to carry out activities such as counseling, education, and guiding.

This will be especially helpful for patients with psychiatric disorders, since their treatment requires trust and honesty.

Nursing staff must always promote healthy, safe and ethical growth in order to foster therapeutic relationships.

After gathering the information required, nurses usually plan interventions that address basic human needs.

To improve the patient’s health, nurses will insist on safe and quality care practices to ensure better outcomes. Durgun & Ukumus (2015).

Quality of care also includes treating patients with special needs such as relaxation, restoration, and sleep (Durgun, Ukumus (2015)).

Care delivery should always include the following basic elements: proper elimination, ventilation, nutrition, and patient ventilation.

Patient wellness is not just about the physical, but also the emotional and spiritual. Quality of care should consider other psychological, cultural, or religious aspects to ensure the best possible health care (Durgun, Ukumus, 2015).


The caritas is a process of building trusting relationships and helping to align with standard practice. This includes engaging patients in therapeutic and professional relationships through the development of nurse-patient relationships which encourage open communication and promote detailed patient assessments and management.

The therapeutic relationship is used by the nurse to create nursing care plans, as well as engage with patients for psychiatric treatment and education.

Caritas, which consists in helping patients with their human and spiritual needs, aligns with the standard of nursing practice. Safe, responsive, and appropriate quality nursing practice is essential to ensure the well-being and safety of the patient.

In order to maintain patient well-being, nurses often demonstrate quality care which promotes the patient’s human rights.

Refer to

Ukumus, H. (2015). Application of Watson’s theory on human caring.

International Journal of Caring Sciences January 8,(1), 25-35

Goldin M. and Kautz D. (2012).

Watson’s caring theory, and the caritas process to help ease life transitions.

International Journal for Human Caring 14-14

Lachman D (2013) Applying ethical care to nursing practice.

Law, ethics, and policy21 (2). 112 –114

Caring for novice nurses using Swanson’s Theory of Caring.

Caring Science and Mindful Practice.

Practice standards for registered nurse nurses (2016).

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. 1-8

Caring Science: A Theoretical Framework

Palliative Care in an Emergency Department.

International Journal For Human Caring, 20, 4: 206-212.

Caring Science Conscious Death.

A Critical Lens on Nursing Theory’s Instrumentation of Caring.

Advances in Nursing Science, 33(1). 17-26.

Caring Theory as an Ethical Guide for Administrative & Clinical Practices.

Wagner A (2014) Key concepts from Jean Watson’s theory on human caring.

Watson caring science Institute 1, 1-7