2. Pathophysiology And Advance Pathophysiology (Due 24 Hours)

Parts  2 and 3 have the same questions, however, you must answer with references and different writing always addressing them objectively, that is as if you were different students. Similar responses in wording or references will not be accepted.

APA format

1) Minimum 6 pages  (No word count per page)- Follow the 3 x 3 rule: minimum of three paragraphs per page

You must strictly comply with the number of paragraphs requested per page

.

           Part 1: minimum  1 page

           Part 2: minimum  2 pages and 1 paragraph

           Part 3: minimum  2 pages and 2 paragraphs

Submit 1 document per part

2)¨******APA norms

All paragraphs must be narrative and cited in the text- each paragraph

         Bulleted responses are not accepted

         Don’t write in the first person 

Don’t copy and paste the questions.

Answer the question objectively, do not make introductions to your answers, answer it when you start the paragraph

Submit 1 document per part

3)****************************** It will be verified by Turnitin (Identify the percentage of exact match of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks)

********************************It will be verified by SafeAssign (Identify the percentage of similarity of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks)

4) Minimum 3 references (APA format) per part not older than 5 years  (Journals, books) (No websites)

All references must be consistent with the topic-purpose-focus of the parts. Different references are not allowed.

5) Identify your answer with the numbers, according to the question. Start your answer on the same line, not the next

Example:

Q 1. Nursing is XXXXX

Q 2. Health is XXXX

6) You must name the files according to the part you are answering: 

Example:

Part 1.doc 

Part 2.doc

__________________________________________________________________________________

Part 1: Pathophysiology

A 47-year-old overweight male with a history of arthrosclerosis, diabetes mellitus type 2, and coronary artery disease (CAD) is found by a neighbor unconscious and not breathing in his front lawn where he appears to have been mowing his lawn. He is rushed to a local emergency room where it is determined that he has suffered a massive inferior myocardial infarction. He is sent to the intensive care unit in critical condition where he is placed on advanced life support equipment, and several days later, it is determined that he has minimal brain activity.

After hearing her husband’s condition, his tearful wife asks you how it is possible that her husband’s brain might not function if it was his heart that stopped beating.

1. Give a medical rationale to the wife (One paragraph)

As the next of kin, his wife has the right to make husband’s medical decisions when he is unable to. Because the length of time that this patient was in cardiac arrest appears to have been substantial, the patient’s recovery is highly unlikely. The medical staff gently informs the wife that she has to make a decision regarding his health care: she can withdraw care now or choose to do everything to keep him alive, even though he will most likely die. She asks you what you think she should do. With your knowledge of neurophysiology

2. Give a medical rationale to the wife (Two paragraphs)

 

Parts  2 and 3 have the same questions, however, you must answer with references and different writing always addressing them objectively, that is as if you were different students. Similar responses in wording or references will not be accepted.

Part 2: Pathophysiology

Answer in paragraph format each of the questions that are indicated. That is, you must objectively answer each of the questions in the order indicated.

Cardiovascular diseases are…….Coronary artery disease (CAD) is…….. Cardiac arrhythmia is ……

 

One paragraph

1. What is Anemia?

2. Describe the classification of Anemias based on etiology.

3. Classification of Anemias based on Size (MCV).

a. Which are Microcytic anemias, normocytic and Macrocytic anemias?

b. Mention most common for each type.

4. Look for absorption areas in the GI tract for:

a. Iron

b. Folate

c. B12.

One paragraph

5. Symptoms of Anemia

6. What is Pernicious Anemia?

7. What is aplastic Anemia?

8. General symptoms for Hemolytic anemias.

9. Polycythemia Vera.

One paragraph

10. An example of Secondary Polycythemia.

11. Hemostasis: what is it?

a. Which important elements of Blood participate on it.

12. For Low Platelets: what is ITP?

13. Common causes of Coagulation disorders?

One paragraph

14. What is DIC?

a. Causes

b. Symptoms

c. treatment.

15. Virchow triad for thrombus formation.

16. About Leukocytes, what is Leukopenia and Leukocytosis

a. causes for each of it?

17. What is the clinical significance of Shift to left?

One paragraph

18. Causes of:

a. Leukocytosis with Neutrophilia

b. Eosinophilia

c. Basophilia

d. Leukocytosis with Lymphocytosis

19. What is Infectious Mononucleosis?

a. Etiology

b. Symptoms.

20. Leukemias.

a. Etiology

b. Acute vs Chronic

One paragraph

21. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia vs Acute Myelocytic Leukemia.

22. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia vs Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia.

23. Lymphadenopathy concept

a. Local vs Diffuse.

24. Lymphomas: Hodgkin vs non-Hodgkin compare

a.  Features

b.  Symptoms

c.  adenopathy location

d. diagnosis.

One paragraph

25. Multiple Myeloma: what is it?

a. Features of this disease

b. Diagnosis

26. Sickle cell disease: EVERYTHING YOU MAY FIND:

a. pathogenic changes

b. Patho physiology of symptoms

c. complications present on each Crisis Type.

Part 3: Pathophysiology

Answer in paragraph format each of the questions that are indicated. That is, you must objectively answer each of the questions in the order indicated.

Cardiovascular diseases are…….Coronary artery disease (CAD) is…….. Cardiac arrhythmia is ……

 

Two paragraph

1. What is Anemia?

2. Describe the classification of Anemias based on etiology.

3. Classification of Anemias based on Size (MCV).

a. Which are Microcytic anemias, normocytic and Macrocytic anemias?

b. Mention most common for each type.

4. Look for absorption areas in the GI tract for:

a. Iron

b. Folate

c. B12.

 

One paragraph

5. Symptoms of Anemia

6. What is Pernicious Anemia?

7. What is aplastic Anemia?

8. General symptoms for Hemolytic anemias.

9. Polycythemia Vera.

 

One paragraph

10. An example of Secondary Polycythemia.

11. Hemostasis: what is it?

a. Which important elements of Blood participate on it.

12. For Low Platelets: what is ITP?

13. Common causes of Coagulation disorders?

 

One paragraph

14. What is DIC?

a. Causes

b. Symptoms

c. treatment.

15. Virchow triad for thrombus formation.

16. About Leukocytes, what is Leukopenia and Leukocytosis

a. causes for each of it?

17. What is the clinical significance of Shift to left?

 

One paragraph

18. Causes of:

a. Leukocytosis with Neutrophilia

b. Eosinophilia

c. Basophilia

d. Leukocytosis with Lymphocytosis

19. What is Infectious Mononucleosis?

a. Etiology

b. Symptoms.

20. Leukemias.

a. Etiology

b. Acute vs Chronic

 

One paragraph

21. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia vs Acute Myelocytic Leukemia.

22. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia vs Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia.

23. Lymphadenopathy concept

a. Local vs Diffuse.

24. Lymphomas: Hodgkin vs non-Hodgkin compare

a. Features

b. Symptoms

c. adenopathy location

d. diagnosis.

 

One paragraph

25. Multiple Myeloma: what is it?

a. Features of this disease

b. Diagnosis

26. Sickle cell disease: EVERYTHING YOU MAY FIND:

a. pathogenic changes

b. Patho physiology of symptoms

c. complications present on each Crisis Type.