Korean Cultural Practice Tae-Kyo & its congruence with Allopathic Recommendations for Prenatal Care
Tae-Kyo constitutes a Korean cultural practice that focuses on remitting education to the fetus. It ensures the pregnant women speak and think positively and act carefully during pregnancy until childbirth. Tae-kyo further emphasizes the significance of maternal-fetal attachment (Purnell et al., 2019). The practice ensures proper child development from conception to parturition. It additionally stresses the factors necessary for proper intrauterine growth among women aspiring to deliver healthy babies. The practice encompasses various roles various persons play during pregnancy to have healthy babies. It, however, stresses the responsibilities of the community, family and the sole pregnant women in ensuring the delivery of healthy fetuses.
The practice further prohibits pregnant women from conducting activities such as watching violent films, eating health-related foods, and even slaughtering animals and birds (Purnell et al., 2019). Tae-kyo culture also cherishes practices stimulating a baby’s intellectual, emotional, and physical growth. The practices include rubbing their bellies, listening to classical music, conversing with them and observing beautiful sceneries. However, research shows that despite the different frameworks that define disease and health in prenatal care, some relationships have been drawn, and some Tae-Kyo practices are congruent to the recommended prenatal practices. Such practices include exercises, avoiding unhealthy foods, singing, reading and rubbing the belly. Indulgence in the outlined activities constitutes antenatal care that ensures cognitive, physical and behavioural fetal development.
Differences in Food Choices among Koreans with Pregnancy & Postpartum
Korean women consume high caloric diets during pregnancy to avoid delivering small gestation fetuses. SGA babies usually suffer from intrauterine growth retardation due to nutrient insufficiency. The women, however, took all diet components of a balanced diet. Additionally, take nutritional supplements to avoid fetal abnormalities. On the other hand, postpartum marks the period of social celebration and transitional time from childbirth to six weeks and is characterized by changes in social responsibilities. Postpartum Korean women choose culturally designed diets and exercises. The foods consumed are targeted at restoring maternal health and future disease prevention (Purnell et al., 2019). Seaweed soup has been the first choice meal after delivery, coupled with nutritional supplements during the entire lactation period.
Cultural Attitudes toward drinking among Koreans
Korean culture allows the practice of drinking among the people and cherishes it as its constituent. Due to the more traditional cultural values, its residents have highly upheld drinking in Korea. It’s characterized by collective drinking (Seungduk et al., 2018), which disqualifies lone drinking to the detriment of social drinking. Consumption of tobacco and alcoholic drinks is the choice of an individual’s preferences. The culture appreciates drinking in groups as a social norm. The practices are further regarded as ceremonial occasions, religions and rites of passage among the residents. Factors of social identification in Korean culture have been the cause of the massive drinking among the people. Additionally, in Korean culture, drinking is deemed to be of social significance.
Three Culturally Congruent Strategies an HCP might use to address Jay’s drinking
HCP can address Jay’s drinking by providing culturally competent education about the risks of drinking and the significance of self-control: A healthcare worker can provide him with educational resources to curb the behavior. HCP can also offer support to help him reduce his ability to quit drinking and focus on marriage life. Healthcare workers can also employ the strategy of linking him to community resources. Healthcare workers can also integrate a traditional Korean healing regimen into treatment plans for Jay, who is addicted to alcohol use (Kaphle et al.,2022). Other non-pharmacological strategies like acupuncture and diversional therapy can help him cope with withdrawal symptoms.
Kaphle, S., Hungerford, C., Blanchard, D., Doyle, K., Ryan, C., & Cleary, M. (2022). Cultural Safety or Competence: How Can We Address Inequities in Culturally Diverse Groups?. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 43(7), 698-702.
Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). People of Korean heritage. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care (pp. 255-262). Springer, Cham.
Seungduk, K. O., & Aeree, S. O. H. N. (2018). Behaviours and culture of drinking among Korean people. Iranian journal of public health, 47(Suppl 1), 47.